Football Artificial Lawn
Artificial Lawn is a type of grounds which is manufactured from synthethic fibers and it is used for instead of natural grass. Generally these type of surfaces used in sports areas where Professional or ameteur matches played. Today artificial grass can be install fort he commercial and residential purposes.
Because of the artificial lawn is not required a maintenance , irrigation and trimming, the usage of these material increasing day by day.
Most of the sports areas are ( covered, semi-covered or domed ) using artificial lawn instead of natural lawn because it is not affected bu sunlights and it can be used so many years.
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Artificial Lawn History
Firstly, Artificial Lawn was used in the Major League Baseball at Houston Astrodome in 1966 and replaced the turf field when the stadium opened one year ago. Although the lawn was specially grown for indoor use, the dome was painted in white to cut the glare that disturbs the actors, and the translucent Lucite ceiling panels did not have enough sunlight to support the grass. Lots of time in that season, Astros played in green painted soil and dead grass.
They found a new alternative and construct a new type of syntethic turf on the area, Chem Grass, which called as astroturf. The supply of astroturf was still low and for this reason only a limited amount was available for the first home game. But it was not sufficient for all outside fields, but it was covered only traditional grass part of the field. The outer area remained as painted soil until after the All-Star Break. The team was sent on an extended journey before the break and on 19 July 1966 the installation of the outer space of fake grass was completed. Dressed as astronauts, the soil protectors kept the area between the fields clean with vacuum cleaners.
After that the artificial grass constructed in other stadiums such as Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium, Philadelphia’s Veterans Stadium, and Cincinnati’s Riverfront Stadium. Early astroturf baseball fields used the traditional all-earth path, but in the early 1970s, teams began to use the basic cutting layout on the diamond; the only shooter was at the top of the mound, in the pulp chamber and in a box sliding around each base. In this arrangement, a painted spring indicates where the edge of the grass in the outer area would normally be, helping the fields to place themselves properly.
The biggest difference in the game on the artificial turf was that the ball jumped higher than the real grass and also traveled faster; this caused the carriers to play more than usual, so they had enough time to react. The ball also jumped faster than the grass, so that in the long throws the collectors were able to bounce in front of the player they had thrown ball, not to the right or to the left. But, as it is called, the biggest impact on the grass game has been on the players’ bodies. The artificial surface, usually placed on a concrete base, gave far less than that of a conventional dirt and grass field, which caused more wear and tear on the knees, ankles, feet and lower ridges, probably shortened careers. of the players. The players also complained that the lawn was warmer than the grass, sometimes burning metal nails or causing the plastic lawn to melt.
These factors ultimately provoked some stadiums, such as Kauffman Stadium in Kansas City, Missouri, to return to artificial grass (also known as synthetic turf, synthetic turf or artificial turf).